Facts on Endoscopy and Reasons Why They are Performed
Endoscopy is a method used for examining the internal parts of the body through a device known as endoscope. This device is a long very thin tube having a camera and light connected at the end. Even though it is a tube, it is very flexible. Moreover, due to anesthesia, you will not feel severe pain.
When the tube is inserted through the mouth, anus or vagina to monitor the affected area, the camera allows the doctor to view images on screen for better understanding. Almost all institutes are now using this procedure, as it does not require incision. The tube is inserted through mouth and is pushed into the rectum through throat.
It might sound painful, but for patients’ convenience, they are slightly sedated with anesthesia so they do not feel severe pain. Once the examination is done and the effect of anesthesia wears off, the patient might feel slight irritation in the throat. Memorial Hermann North Houston Endoscopy and Surgery Institute in North Houston has 5500 experienced and qualified physicians along with 26000 employees working efficiently without harming any patient. The nonprofit organization emphasizes on patient’s betterment.
There are different types of endoscopy related to the types of diagnosis –
- Arthroscopy is done to examine joints.
- Bronchoscopy helps in finding infections in lungs and trachea.
- Colonoscopy helps in examining the colon or large intestine for any kinds of lumps or tumor.
- Colposcopy helps in examining vagina, if there is any chance of cancer.
- ERCP is a technique through which complete examination of gall bladder, bile duct, pancreas and liver is done to identify any stone or abnormality.
- To examine the upper portion of gastrointestinal tract, EGD is commenced.
- Endoscopic biopsy is a procedure where tissues are taken out of the affected area for proper examination in pathology.
- Gastroscopy is the study of stomach and esophagus to detect ulcer or any kind of bleeding.
- Laparoscopy is examination of all organs in abdomen including the fallopian tube in females.
- Laryngoscopy is visualizing the larynx.
- Proctoscopy is examining the rectum with sigmoid colon.
- Thoracoscopy is examination of the sack that protects our lungs.
The doctor performs endoscopy when they may not easily identify some abnormalities and needs thorough examination. If performed correctly, the procedure is not very painful. It takes 20 minutes to complete the procedure. Thereafter, the patient needs complete rest to wear away the effects of sedatives causing dizziness.